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Comorbidity describes two or more disorders or illnesses occurring in the same person. They can occur at the same time or one after the other. Comorbidity also implies interactions between the illnesses that can worsen the course of both. Many people who have a substance use disorder also develop other mental illnesses, just as many people who are diagnosed with mental illness are often diagnosed with a substance use disorder. For example, about half of people who experience a mental illness will also experience a substance use disorder at some point in their lives and vice versa.1,2 Few studies have been done on comorbidity in children, but those that have been conducted suggest that youth with substance use disorders also have high rates of co-occurring mental illness, such as depression and anxiety. They could have from using or from mental health have medical conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure or COPD or abscesses. So the preferred treatment for patients with two or more disorders or medical conditions would be an integrated health care clinic with an integrated care team that could help the patients with their physical and mental and the patients would not have to go to two different places to get help for the other disorder or other medical concern.
SECOND PERSON MIA
Comorbidity describes the existence of two or more diseases or conditions present in the body at the same time. Comorbidities are chronic conditions and may affect the body physically and mentally (Sreenivas, 2021). Integrated healthcare systems are essential as the rate of comorbid behavioral and medical health conditions is growing. Comorbid behavioral and medical health conditions have a significant impact on each other and have shared risk factors. Diabetes and depression, anxiety and heart disease, and alcohol use and depressive disorders are examples of comorbidities. Comorbidities complicate disease management and treatment (Sreenivas, 2021). In addition to comorbidities complicating disease management and treatment, they may also increase the risk of developing other conditions. Arthritis is common with obesity, diabetes and heart disease. The most effective treatment for comorbid behavioral and medical conditions is a collaborative approach of multidisciplinary teams that screen and track diseases in the primary care setting (Goodell & Walker, 2011). In doing so, it would be important to treat the behavioral health condition concurrently with Cognitive Behavior Therapy to modify the negative behavior patterns. The strengths of this approach allows each of the needs of the patient to be addressed, as risk factors may be shared and one condition may contribute to the progression of the other.
THIRD PERSON EMMALIN
Behavioral and medical treatment plans that are separated are implemented by the provider for each condition and cause challenges for clients that are navigating each individually. An integrated plan allows for “an individualized plan is set up for each unique case, and different therapy models, medications if necessary, and other tools will be employed” (Black Bear Lodge, 2022). It may be appropriate to advocate for an integrated plan when a client presents various comorbid disorders that makes the client at risk for poorer health outcomes. I would approach a client that is hesitant to integrate their treatment plan by being honest about the value of an integrated plan and what it can look like for their health to do so. However, it is ultimately up to the client and behavioral health workers can follow-up and continue to provide the client with helpful information. I also think that explaining to clients that integrated treatment plans include themselves as a team member and their insight is included in their treatment plan is very motivating. It allows clients to feel in control of their health.
PLEASE TREAT EACH PERSON SEPERATE AND DON’T ADD THE REFERNCE PAGE TOGHTHER.
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